The Convention of the Metre is a treaty signed in Paris on 20 May 1875 by representatives of 17 nations. As well as founding the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM), an intergovernmental organization under the authority of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM)
The Metre Convention established a permanent organizational structure for member governments to act in common accord on all matters relating to units of measurement.
The Convention, modified slightly in 1921, remains the basis of international agreement on units of measurement and as of 23 March 2018, there are 59 Member States and 42 Associate States and Economies including industrial countries that have signed the Metre Convention.
There are two different levels of participation in the Convention’s activities: member or Associate member. Member is the highest level of participation and UAE and Saudi Arabia are member of the Metre Convention, however the State of Qatar, Sultanate Oman, State Kuwait and Republic of Yemen* are Associate member. The Kingdom is still planning to access the Convention.
- Republic of Yemen is excluded as Associate member
Today’s the Metre Convention is considered as an umbrella forum for government officials and scientists from all over the world who can make sure that their national metrology infrastructure is internationally recognized. Without acceding to the Convention, it would be difficult to accept the measurements and test and calibration certificates that are being made elsewhere in the world, which would force local companies to purchase the calibration services they need from other countries. Accession to the Metre Convention means enabling the economy to verify the quality of products and services by internationally recognized means, which will raise national competitiveness and ensure the safety of products and services nationally.