GSO ISO 19136:2022

Gulf Standard   Current Edition
· Approved on 12 May 2022 ·

Geographic information — Geography Markup Language (GML)

IT applications in science
Including digital geographic information

GSO ISO 19136:2022 Files

GSO ISO 19136:2022 Scope

The Geography Markup Language (GML) is an XML encoding in compliance with ISO 19118 for the transport and storage of geographic information modelled in accordance with the conceptual modelling framework used in the ISO 19100 series of International Standards and including both the spatial and non-spatial properties of geographic features.

ISO 19136:2007 defines the XML Schema syntax, mechanisms and conventions that:

  • provide an open, vendor-neutral framework for the description of geospatial application schemas for the transport and storage of geographic information in XML;
  • allow profiles that support proper subsets of GML framework descriptive capabilities;
  • support the description of geospatial application schemas for specialized domains and information communities;
  • enable the creation and maintenance of linked geographic application schemas and datasets;
  • support the storage and transport of application schemas and data sets;
  • increase the ability of organizations to share geographic application schemas and the information they describe.

Implementers may decide to store geographic application schemas and information in GML, or they may decide to convert from some other storage format on demand and use GML only for schema and data transport.

NOTE If an ISO 19109 conformant application schema described in UML is used as the basis for the storage and transportation of geographic information, ISO 19136 provides normative rules for the mapping of such an application schema to a GML application schema in XML Schema and, as such, to an XML encoding for data with a logical structure in accordance with the ISO 19109 conformant application schema.

Best Sellers From Information Sector

GSO ISO/TR 18492:2017
ISO/TR 18492:2005 
Gulf Standard
Long-term preservation of electronic document-based information
GSO ISO/TR 13028:2013
ISO/TR 13028:2010 
Gulf Standard
Information and documentation - Implementation guidelines for digitization of records
GSO ISO 16175-2:2013
ISO 16175-2:2011 
Gulf Standard
Information and documentation -- Principles and functional requirements for records in electronic office environments -- Part 2: Guidelines and functional requirements for digital records management systems
GSO ISO 18513:2016
ISO 18513:2003 
Gulf Standard
Tourism services -- Hotels and other types of tourism accommodation -- Terminology

Recently Published from Information Sector

GSO ISO/TS 23635:2024
ISO/TS 23635:2022 
Gulf Standard
Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies — Guidelines for governance
GSO ISO/IEC 23053:2024
ISO/IEC 23053:2022 
Gulf Standard
Framework for Artificial Intelligence (AI) Systems Using Machine Learning (ML)
GSO ISO/IEC TR 24372:2024
ISO/IEC TR 24372:2021 
Gulf Standard
Information technology — Artificial intelligence (AI) — Overview of computational approaches for AI systems
GSO ISO/IEC 30169:2024
ISO/IEC 30169:2022 
Gulf Standard
Internet of Things (IoT) — IoT applications for electronic label system (ELS)